Best Weekly Current Affairs 1-7 October 2022 – MCQs for all Competitive Exams

Weekly Current Affairs 1-7 October 2022 – Best Current Affairs questions and MCQs with explanations for all competitive and government exams like UPSC CSE, CDS, NDA, SSC CGL, CHSL, BANKING, RAILWAYS, RRB, RBI, CISF, CAPF, UGC NET, and other central and state government exams.

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Weekly Current Affairs 1-7 October 2022 – Best Questions and MCQs

1. Which country changed the name of its capital from Nur-Sultan back to Astana?

  1. Afghanistan
  2. Uzbekistan
  3. Kazakhstan
  4. Turkmenistan

Answer: 3) Kazakhstan

The President of Kazakhstan, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, is to restore the former name of the country’s capital Astana, just three years after it was renamed in honor of its predecessor.

The name was changed to Nur-Sultan in March 2019 in honor of the outgoing President Nursultan Nazarbayev.
President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev signed a bill on 24 September.

Extra fact:

Currency of Kazakhstan: Kazakhstani tenge;

President of Kazakhstan: Kassym-Jomart Tokayev.

2. World Vegetarian Day 2022 observed on which day?

  1. 1 October
  2. 30 September
  3. 5 October
  4. 21 October

Answer: 1) 1 October

World Vegetarian Day is celebrated on the first day of October.
It is also the start of Vegetarian Awareness Month.
This global day of advocacy and awareness celebrates the benefits of vegetarianism and encourages people to reduce their consumption of animal products.

Extra fact:

World Vegetarian Day was established in the year 1977 by the North American Vegetarian Society.
Today, World Vegetarian Day is celebrated in more than 180 countries around the world.

International Vegetarian Union Founded: 1908, Dresden, Germany;

Chair of International Vegetarian Union Founded: Marly Winckler.

1 October is also observed worldwide as the International Day of Older Persons.

3. Which film star has been appointed by Hero MotoCorp as the new brand ambassador?

  1. Ram Charan
  2. Varun Dhawan
  3. John Abraham
  4. Akshay Kumar

Answer: 1) Ram Charan

HeroCorp has appointed actor Ram Charan as its new brand ambassador.
The country’s largest two-wheeler manufacturer Hero MotoCorp has launched the Hero GIFT Program Stand for the Grand Indian Festival of Trust.

Hero Honda started its operations in 1984 as a joint venture between Hero Cycles of India and Honda of Japan.
The two partners effectively ended their 26-year partnership at the end of March 2011.

4. Who has officially inaugurated the 5G service in the nation?

  1. PM Modi
  2. Mukesh Ambani
  3. Droupadi Murmu
  4. Ashwini Vaishnav

Answer: 1) PM Modi

The nation’s 5G services were officially inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 1, 2022.
PM Modi said the introduction of 5G is a gift to 130 billion Indians.

With the advent of 5G, a new era is beginning in the country. A limitless sky of options will open up with 5G.
The sixth iteration of the India Mobile Congress was also launched by PM Modi.

5. International Day of Non-violence is observed on which day?

  1. 23rd March
  2. 02 October
  3. 30 September
  4. 31st January

Answer: 2) 02 October

The International Day of Nonviolence is observed on 2 October, the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, the leader of the Indian independence movement and a pioneer of the philosophy and strategy of non-violence.

“Say no to violence” is the essence of this day.
This year Gandhi Jayanti is the 153rd birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.

Extra fact:

In January 2004, Iranian Nobel laureate Shirin Ebadi proposed the idea for the special day.

India also celebrates the 02 October 118th birth anniversary of the country’s second Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri.

Gandhi Ji arrived in South Africa on 24 May 1893 to attend to a legal matter of Dada Abdulla Jhaveri.

6. Svante Paabo won the 2022 Nobel Prize in which field?

  1. Physics
  2. Medicine
  3. Economics
  4. Peace

Answer: 2) Medicine

Svante Paabo has won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discoveries relating to the genome of the extinct hominin and human evolution.

It is awarded by the Nobel Assembly of the Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.

Extra fact:

The Nobel Prizes are given in memory of Alfred Nobel, who was a Swedish engineer, known for the invention of dynamite.
They were first awarded in 1901.

The Nobel Prizes are 6 separate prizes that are awarded to those who have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind.
They are awarded in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature, Peace, and Economic Sciences.

7. Which bank launched the ‘Gram Seva Programme’ in six states of India?

  1. UCO Bank
  2. Punjab National Bank
  3. Bandhan Bank
  4. SBI

Answer: 4) SBI

On the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti, the State Bank of India announced that it will adopt 30 remote villages across India under the fourth phase of the “SBI Gram Seva” program.

Extra fact:

SBI Founded: 1 July 1955;
SBI Chairperson: Dinesh Kumar Khara;
SBI headquarters: Mumbai, Maharashtra.

8. What is the name of the Light Combat Helicopter inducted into the Indian Air Force?

  1. Apache
  2. Prachanda
  3. Alligator
  4. Boeing

Answer: 2) Prachanda

Defense Minister Rajnath Singh formally inducted indigenously developed Light Combat Helicopters into the Indian Air Force in October 2022 at Jodhpur.
It is named ‘Prachanda’.

It has been developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited.

It is the only attack helicopter in the world that can land and take off at an altitude of 5,000 meters with a considerable load of weapons and fuel.

9. With which country India has signed an agreement to export missiles, rockets, and ammunition?

  1. Armenia
  2. Israel
  3. America
  4. Russia

Answer: 1) Armenia

In a significant move to boost defense exports, India has signed an export order for missiles, rockets, and ammunition to Armenia.
Under this deal, India will export military equipment worth more than Rs 2000 crore to Armenia.

Extra fact:

Armenia is a landlocked country in the Armenian Highlands of Western Asia.

Currently, Armenia is engaged in a border conflict with Azerbaijan.

Capital of Armeia: Yerevan;

Currency of Armenia: Dram;

President of Armenia: Vahagn Khachaturyan;

PM of Armenia: Nikol Pashinyan.

10. Who became the first Indian cricketer to play 400 T20 matches?

  1. Virat Kohli
  2. Sekhar Dhawan
  3. Rohit Sharma
  4. MS Dhoni

Answer: 3) Rohit Sharma

Indian captain, Rohit Sharma has achieved another milestone in his T20 career and has become the first Indian to play 400 T20Is.

He achieved this feat while leading Team India in the second T20I against South Africa on 2 October.

Extra fact:

He also holds the record for most runs in T20I cricket (3712).
Rohit Sharma, Dinesh Karthik, Virat Kohli, and MS Dhoni are the only Indian cricketers to have played more than 350 matches in T20Is.

Kieron Pollard tops the list of players with the most T20 caps, having played 614 matches.

11. Sujoy Lal Thaosen has been appointed as the new Director General of which organization?

  1. ITBP
  2. CRPF
  3. BSF
  4. SSB

Answer: 2) CRPF

Senior Indian Police Service (IPS) officers Sujoy Lal Thaosen and Anish Dayal Singh have been appointed as the new Director General (DG) of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) respectively.

Thaosen is currently serving as the Director General of the Border Security Force Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) and is holding the additional charge of the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP).

Anish Dayal Singh is currently working as Special Director in Intelligence Bureau.

Extra fact:

CRPF Formed: 27 July 1939;
CRPF Headquarters: New Delhi;
CRPF Motto: Service and Loyalty;

ITBP Formed: 24 October 1962;
ITBP Headquarters: New Delhi.

12. For how many more months did the Center extend the AFSPA in Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh?

  1. 12 month
  2. 06 month
  3. 24 month
  4. 18 month

Answer: 2) 06 month

According to the federal government, the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) has been implemented for six months in 12 districts of Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh.
The Home Minister has made this announcement in a notification.

Extra fact:

AFSPA, passed by the Indian Parliament in 1958, gives the Indian Armed Forces special powers to maintain law and order in disturbed areas.

This law, which was passed on September 11, 1958, came into force in the Naga Hills, which were then a part of Assam. During the next decades, it gradually spread to the other Seven Sisters states of Northeast India.

13. Which bank launched a banking service on WhatsApp?

  1. ICICI
  2. SBI
  3. AXIS
  4. PNB

Answer: 4) PNB

Government-owned Punjab National Bank (PNB) announced that it has made banking services available to both customers and non-customers through WhatsApp.

Customers need to save the official PNB WhatsApp number (919264092640) and start a conversation by typing hello or hi on this number to enable the banking facility on WhatsApp.

Extra fact:

MD & CEO of PNB: Atul Kumar Goel;

CEO of WhatsApp: Will Cathcart;

Head of India at WhatsApp: Abhijit Bose.

14. Who won the gold medal in wrestling in the National Games 2022 Under-20?

  1. Priyanshi Prajapati
  2. Antim Panghal
  3. Pranati Nayal
  4. Vinesh Phogat

Answer: 2) Antim Panghal

World Under-20 champion, Antim Panghal made an impressive debut at the National Games 2022 as she won the gold medal in women’s 53kg wrestling.

Antim Panghal from Haryana, who created history in August by becoming the first Indian to become the U20 world champion in women’s wrestling, defeated Priyanshi Prajapati in the final.

Extra fact:

The National Games 2022 is being held across six cities, Ahmedabad, Gandhinagar, Surat, Vadodara, Rajkot, and Bhavnagar, in Gujrat.

In the National Games, Services lead the medals tally with 51 medals including 23 Gold, 14 Silver, and 14 Bronze, followed by Haryana with 49 medals including 22 Gold, 16 Silver, and 11 Bronze.
Uttar Pradesh stood third and Tamil Nadu fourth.

15. Who among the following was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 2022?

  1. Alain Aspect
  2. John F. Clauser
  3. Anton Zeilinger
  4. All of these

Answer: 4) All of these

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2022 was awarded to Alain Aspect (France)John F Clauser (USA), and Anton Zeilinger (Austria) for their work on quantum mechanics, the Royal Swedish Academy of Science announced.

It is provided by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm.
The 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded “for experiments with entangled photons, establishing violations of Bell inequalities, and pioneering quantum information science”.

Extra fact:

The Nobel Prizes are given in memory of Alfred Nobel, who was a Swedish engineer, known for the invention of dynamite.
They were first awarded in 1901.

The Nobel Prizes are 6 separate prizes that are awarded to those who have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind.
They are awarded in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature, Peace, and Economic Sciences.

16. Which country did the USA beat to clinch the world title of FIBA Women’s Basketball World Cup?

  1. Australia
  2. France
  3. Spain
  4. China

Answer: 4) China

The United States defeated China (83-61) to win the International Basketball Federation (FIBA) Women’s Basketball World Cup at the Sydney Superdome, Australia.
The Americans bagged their fourth title in a row and 11th in total and have also sealed a spot at the Paris 2024 Olympic Games.

The FIBA Women’s Basketball World Cup, also known as the Women’s Basketball World Cup.
It was created by the International Basketball Federation (FIBA).

Extra fact:

International Basketball Federation Founded: 18 June 1932;

International Basketball Federation Headquarters: Mies, Switzerland;

International Basketball Federation President: Hamane Niang;

International Basketball Federation Secretary General: Andreas Zagklis.

17. How many times in a row Indore has been awarded the cleanest city in India?

  1. 6th
  2. 5th
  3. 8th
  4. 10th

Answer: 1) 6th

Indore bagged the title of India’s cleanest city for the sixth time in a row as the result of the Central government’s annual cleanliness survey ‘Swachh Survekshan Award 2022’ were announced.

Surat is the second cleanest city and Navi Mumbai comes third in the category of cities with a population of more than one lakh.

Extra fact:

Swachh Survekshan is the world’s largest urban sanitation and hygiene survey which is being conducted by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs since 2016.

Madhya Pradesh secured the first position in the category of best-performing states, followed by Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra.

18. World Teacher’s Day was celebrated on which day?

  1. 5 September
  2. 14 November
  3. 05 October
  4. 15 October

Answer: 3) 05 October

World Teacher’s Day or International Teacher’s Day is celebrated every year on 5 October.
It is a day to celebrate, thank and honor teachers for their contributions to their students.

The theme of this year is “Transformation of Education Begins with Teachers”.

Extra fact:

Set up in 1994 after the UNESCO Recommendation concerning teachers, the day celebrates the marking of “teaching in freedom” in 1996.

19. Who got the Nobel Prize 2022 in Chemistry?

  1. Carolyn R. Bertozzi
  2. Morten Meldal
  3. K. Barry Sharpless
  4. All of these

Answer: 4) All of these

The 2022 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Carolyn R. Bertozzi, Morton Medel, and K. Barry Sharpless “for the development of click chemistry and bioorthogonal chemistry”.
The award was distributed at the Royal Swedish Academy of Science in Stockholm.

20. Who won the United Nations Refugee Award on 4 October 2022?

  1. Kamala Harris
  2. Angela Merkel
  3. Barack Obama
  4. Narendra Modi

Answer: 2) Angela Merkel

Former German Chancellor Angela Merkel won the prestigious Nansen Prize from the United Nations Refugee Agency on 04 October 2022.
She has been awarded for welcoming more than 1.2 million refugees and asylum seekers to Germany in 2015 and 2016.

Extra fact:

The Nansen Award, awarded annually, was created in 1954 in honor of the first UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Fridtjof Nansen.

21. In which Arab country a new majestic Hindu temple has been opened?

  1. UAE
  2. Kuwait
  3. Saudi Arabia
  4. Oman

Answer: 1) UAE

A new Hindu temple has been inaugurated in Dubai’s Jebel Ali village.
The temple combines both Indian and Arabic architectural designs and conveys a powerful message of tolerance, peace, and harmony.

The temple is located in a neighborhood commonly known as the ‘Worship Village of the UAE’.
Sanjay Sudhir thanked the UAE Government for supporting the 3.5 million Indian population in the UAE.

Extra fact:

Capital of UAE: Abu Dhabi;
Currency of UAE: Dirham;
President of UAE: Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan;
PM of UAE: Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum.

22. Who was declared the “National Emblem” by the Election Commission of India?

  1. Pankaj Tripathi
  2. Amitabh Bachchan
  3. Anupam Khair
  4. Sonu Sood

Answer: 1) Pankaj Tripathi

Election Commission of India (ECI) in creating awareness amongst voters, Actor Pankaj Tripathi has been declared as the ‘National Icon’ of ECI.
The actor was chosen by Chief Election Commissioner Rajiv Kumar.

One of Pankaj’s most acclaimed roles involved the electoral process in the 2017 film Newton, for which he won a National Award.

Extra fact:

Constitution of the Election Commission of India: 25 January 1959;
Headquarters of Election Commission of India: New Delhi;
Chief Election Commission of India: Rajiv Kumar.

23. Annie Ernaux won the 2022 Nobel Prize in which field?

  1. Physics
  2. Chemistry
  3. Literature
  4. Peace

Answer: 3) Literature

The Nobel Prize in Literature for 2022 is awarded to French author Annie Ernaux “for the courage and clinical acuity with which she uncovers the system and collective restraint of individual memory’s roots” at the Swedish Academy in Stockholm.

24. Which country won the bid to host the 2029 Asian Winter Games in the desert megacity?

  1. Saudi Arabia
  2. UAE
  3. Oman
  4. Yemen

Answer: 1) Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia has won a bid to host the 2029 Asian Winter Games at a planned mountain resort in the Gulf Arab state.
The Asian Games will be held in a $500 billion futuristic megacity in the desert.
The Asia Olympic Council said that Saudi Arabia’s deserts and mountains will be turned into a playground for the Winter Games.

The Mega City Known as NEOM will be the first West Asian City to host the event.
The Asian winter games will take place in Trojena, an area of NEOM.

In total there are 47 events in the Asian Winter Games and out of that 28 are on snow, and 10 are on ice.

25. Which is the largest sugar-producing country in the world?

  1. China
  2. UK
  3. USA
  4. India

Answer: 4) India

India has emerged as the world’s largest producer and consumer of sugar and its second-largest exporter.
In the sugar season (Oct-Sept) 2021-2022, a record of over 5,000 lakh metric tons of sugarcane was produced in the country.

Extra fact:

Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research (IISR), Lucknow was established in 1952 by the then Central Sugarcane Committee of India.

26. Brigadier B.D. Mishra assumed additional charge as the Governor of which state?

  1. Arunachal Pradesh
  2. Assam
  3. Meghalaya
  4. Mizoram

Answer: 3) Meghalaya

Brigadier B.D. Mishra at Raj Bhavan in Shillong. Arunachal Pradesh Governor Mishra assumed the role of Meghalaya Governor.
After the term of the previous Governor Satya Pal Malik ended as he did not get an extension, he has been given additional responsibility.

Brig. B.D. Mishra is a combat veteran who fought for India in three important conflicts in 1962, 1965, and 1971.
On 3 October 2017, he became the official Governor of Arunachal Pradesh.

Extra fact:

Capital of Meghalaya: Shilong;

CM of Meghalaya: Conrad Kongkal Sangma.

27. Who did the Rest of India beat by eight wickets to win the Irani Trophy?

  1. Bombay
  2. Vidarbha
  3. Saurashtra
  4. Delhi

Answer: 3) Saurashtra

The Rest of India team won the Irani Cup title by defeating the 2019-2020 Irani Trophy champions Saurashtra by eight wickets in Rajkot.

The Rest of India chased down the target of 105 runs, with Abhimanyu Easwaran unbeaten on 63 and Kona Bharat unbeaten on 27.
Kuldeep Sen took the most wickets in the first innings against Saurashtra.

Extra fact:

The Irani Trophy is also known as the MasterCard Irani Trophy.
It is a test match format cricket tournament in India.
It is played annually between the current Ranji Trophy winners and the Rest of India’s cricket team.
It is organized by the BCCI (Board of Control for Cricket in India).

28. World Cotton Day was observed on which day?

  1. 05 October
  2. 07 October
  3. 07 November
  4. 30 September

Answer: 2) 07 October

World Cotton Day is observed every year on 7 October globally as a celebration of cotton and its stakeholders.
Cotton is a multipurpose plant that is mainly used in textiles.

Extra fact:

This year’s theme is “Weaving a Better Future for Cotton”.

The initiative of World Cotton Day was born in 2019, when four cotton producers in sub-Saharan Africa– Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, and Mali, known as the Cotton Four -proposed to the World Trade Organization a World Cotton Day celebration on October 7.

29. Where will India’s first Green Technology Incubation Facility be opened?

  1. NIT Patna
  2. NIT Srinagar
  3. NIT Allahabad
  4. NIT Durgapur

Answer: 2) NIT Srinagar

At the National Institute of Technology (NIT) Srinagar, a technology company incubator focused on green technology named “Greennovator Incubation Foundation” will soon open.
Department of Science and Technology A three-year initiative known as Inclusive TBI for Educational Institutions, Idea Generators, Innovators, and Entrepreneurs to support innovative ideas, and startup initiatives and promote self-employment and job creation through incubation is supporting.

Extra fact:

Srinagar is the largest city and summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir.

CEO of India’s first Green Technology incubation facility, NIT Srinagar: Saad Parvez;

Director, NIT Srinagar: Prof. Rakesh Sehgal.

30. Which country has launched the Riyadh International Book Fair 2022 award?

  1. Oman
  2. Saudi Arabia
  3. Syria
  4. Yemen

Answer: 2) Saudi Arabia

The Saudi Commission for Literature, Publications, and Translation has launched the Riyadh International Book Fair Award.
The Riyadh International Book Fair Awards 2022 began on 29 September and will run for 10 days until 8 October.

The theme of the Riyadh International Book Fair Prize is “Cultural Chapter”.
Tunisia is participating as a special guest.

Extra fact:

Capital of Saudi Arabia: Riyadh;

Currency of Saudi Arabia: Riyal;

Crown Prince and Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia: Mohammed bin Salman.

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