Daily Current Affairs 2-3 October 2022 – Best Current Affairs questions and MCQs with explanations for all competitive and government exams like UPSC CSE, CDS, NDA, SSC CGL, CHSL, BANKING, RAILWAYS, RRB, RBI, CISF, CAPF, UGC NET, and other central and state government exams.
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Daily Current Affairs 2-3 October 2022 – Best Questions and MCQs
1. International Day of Non-violence is observed on which day?
- 23rd March
- 02 October
- 30 September
- 31st January
Answer: 2) 02 October
The International Day of Nonviolence is observed on 2 October, the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, the leader of the Indian independence movement and a pioneer of the philosophy and strategy of non-violence.
“Say no to violence” is the essence of this day.
This year Gandhi Jayanti is the 153rd birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
In January 2004, Iranian Nobel laureate Shirin Ebadi proposed the idea for the special day.
India also celebrates the 02 October 118th birth anniversary of the country’s second Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri.
Gandhi Ji arrived in South Africa on 24 May 1893 to attend to a legal matter of Dada Abdulla Jhaveri.
2. Which department launched Operation ‘GARUDA’ to eliminate the drug network?
Answer: 3) CBI
The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) has launched a multi-stage ‘Operation Garuda’.
Operation Garuda is a global operation that was launched in close coordination with Interpol and Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB).
Operation Garuda was launched to combat the smuggling of illicit drugs and psychotropic substances, with a special focus on the Indian Ocean region.
In this operation apart from CBI and NCB, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Delhi, and Manipur also participated in Operation Garuda.
CBI Founded: 1 April 1963;
CBI Director General: Subodh Kumar Jaiswal.
3. Svante Paabo won the 2022 Nobel Prize in which field?
Answer: 2) Medicine
Svante Paabo has won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discoveries relating to the genome of the extinct hominin and human evolution.
It is awarded by the Nobel Assembly of the Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
The Nobel Prizes are given in memory of Alfred Nobel, who was a Swedish engineer, known for the invention of dynamite.
They were first awarded in 1901.
The Nobel Prizes are 6 separate prizes that are awarded to those who have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind.
They are awarded in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature, Peace, and Economic Sciences.
4. Dr. Vivek Lal received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the President of which country?
Indian-origin doctor Vivek Lal has been honored with the Lifetime Achievement Award by US President Joe Biden with a citation for ‘With Grateful Recognition’.
The citation was given by AmeriCorps, which is a part of the US Govt.
The United States of America is commonly known as the United States or America. It consists of 50 states.
Capital of US: Washington D.C;
Currency of US: Dollar;
Vice President of US: Kamala Harris;
President of US: Joe Biden.
5. Who launched the one-year voter awareness program, Matadata Junction?
- Prime Minister
- Chief Election Commissioner
- Home Minister
Answer: 3) Chief Election Commissioner
The Election Commission of October 3, 2022, launched Matadata Junction, a year-long voter awareness program on All India Radio.
52-episode programs of 15-minute duration each will be broadcast every Friday on Vividh Bharati stations, FM Rainbow, FM Gold, and Primary channels of AIR.
Senior bureaucrat Ajay Bhadoo has recently been appointed as the Deputy Election Commissioner of the Election Commission of India.
The Chief Election Commissioner also announced Actor Pankaj Tripathi as the National Icon of the ECI.
6. Which bank launched the ‘Gram Seva Programme’ in six states of India?
- UCO Bank
- Punjab National Bank
- Bandhan Bank
Answer: 4) SBI
On the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti, the State Bank of India announced that it will adopt 30 remote villages across India under the fourth phase of the “SBI Gram Seva” program.
SBI Founded: 1 July 1955;
SBI Chairperson: Dinesh Kumar Khara;
SBI headquarters: Mumbai, Maharashtra.
7. What is the name of the Light Combat Helicopter inducted into the Indian Air Force?
Answer: 2) Prachanda
Defense Minister Rajnath Singh formally inducted indigenously developed Light Combat Helicopters into the Indian Air Force in October 2022 at Jodhpur.
It is named ‘Prachanda’.
It has been developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited.
It is the only attack helicopter in the world that can land and take off at an altitude of 5,000 meters with a considerable load of weapons and fuel.
8. World Habitat Day 2022 was observed on which day?
- 1 October
- 5 October
- 3 October
- 30 September
Answer: 3) 3 October
World Habitat Day is an initiative of the United Nations which is observed every year on the first Monday of October.
In 2022, it is being observed on the 3rd of October.
This day is celebrated to acknowledge the condition of our towns and cities and the fundamental right to adequate shelter for all.
The theme of this year is “Mind the Gap, Leave No One and Place Behind”.
It was first celebrated in 1986 in Nairobi, Kenya.
9. With which country India has signed an agreement to export missiles, rockets, and ammunition?
Answer: 1) Armenia
In a significant move to boost defense exports, India has signed an export order for missiles, rockets, and ammunition to Armenia.
Under this deal, India will export military equipment worth more than Rs 2000 crore to Armenia.
Armenia is a landlocked country in the Armenian Highlands of Western Asia.
Currently, Armenia is engaged in a border conflict with Azerbaijan.
Capital of Armeia: Yerevan;
Currency of Armenia: Dram;
President of Armenia: Vahagn Khachaturyan;
PM of Armenia: Nikol Pashinyan.
10. Winner of 2022 Singapore Formula 1 Grand Prix?
- Max Verstappen
- Charles Leclerc
- Sergio Perez
- Lewis Hamilton
Answer: 3) Sergio Perez
Red Bull’s Sergio Perez won the 2022 Singapore F1 Grand Prix on 02 October.
Perez finished 7.5 seconds ahead of second-placed Ferrari’s Charles Leclerc.
Formula 1 is the highest class of international racing for open-wheel single-seater formula racing cars.
First race: 1946 Turin Grand Prix.
Winner of Australian GP 2022: Charles Leclerc;
Winner of Italian GP 2022: Max Verstappen;
Winner of Miami GP 2022: Max Verstappen;
Winner of French GP 2022: Max Verstappen;
Winner of Monaco GP 2022: Sergio Perez.
11. Which Indian javelin thrower was suspended for doping?
- Neeraj Chopra
- Shivpal Singh
- Arshad Nadeem
- Devendra Jhajharia
Answer: 2) Shivpal Singh
Indian javelin thrower Shivpal Singh has been suspended from competition until October 2025 due to a doping violation.
He tested positive for the banned substance methandienone, which is a performance-enhancing steroid.
Based in Uttar Pradesh, Shivpal was a silver medalist at the 2019 Asian Championships.
Shivpal Singh is the fifth notable Indian athlete to be caught in a doping trap this year.
Discus thrower Navjeet Kaur Dhillon, sprinter Dhanalakshmi Sekar, and quarter-miler MR Poovamma were also banned for doping violations.
Tokyo Olympian Kamalpreet Kaur also failed the dope test.
12. Who became the first Indian cricketer to play 400 T20 matches?
- Virat Kohli
- Sekhar Dhawan
- Rohit Sharma
- MS Dhoni
Answer: 3) Rohit Sharma
Indian captain, Rohit Sharma has achieved another milestone in his T20 career and has become the first Indian to play 400 T20Is.
He achieved this feat while leading Team India in the second T20I against South Africa on 2 October.
He also holds the record for most runs in T20I cricket (3712).
Rohit Sharma, Dinesh Karthik, Virat Kohli, and MS Dhoni are the only Indian cricketers to have played more than 350 matches in T20Is.
Kieron Pollard tops the list of players with the most T20 caps, having played 614 matches.
13. Who has been elected as the new President of the Indo-American Chambers of Commerce?
- Lalit Bhasin
- Atul Keshap
- Ram Jethmalani
- Anil Kumar
Answer: 1) Lalit Bhasin
Noted lawyer Lalit Bhasin has been appointed as the National President of the Indian American Chambers of Commerce (IACC).
Bhasin was the Executive Vice President of IACC before being elected to the post.
Bhasin is the 54th National President of IACC.
IACC was established in October 1968.
Headquarters of IACC in Mumbai.
It has 14 offices across India.
14. Who has been elected as the Vice President of the International Astronautical Federation?
- Lalit Bhasin
- Anil Kumar
- K Sivam
- Samir V Kamat
Answer: 2) Anil Kumar
Indian Space Research Organization senior scientist Anil Kumar has been appointed as the Vice-Chairman of the International Astronautical Federation (IAF).
Dr. Anil Kumar is currently working as Associate Director, ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC).
International Astronautical Federation (IAF) was founded in 1951.
The AIF is one of the world’s top space advocacy bodies, with 433 members in 72 countries.
15. Sujoy Lal Thaosen has been appointed as the new Director General of which organization?
Answer: 2) CRPF
Senior Indian Police Service (IPS) officers Sujoy Lal Thaosen and Anish Dayal Singh have been appointed as the new Director General (DG) of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) respectively.
Thaosen is currently serving as the Director General of the Border Security Force Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) and is holding the additional charge of the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP).
Anish Dayal Singh is currently working as Special Director in Intelligence Bureau.
CRPF Formed: 27 July 1939;
CRPF Headquarters: New Delhi;
CRPF Motto: Service and Loyalty;
ITBP Formed: 24 October 1962;
ITBP Headquarters: New Delhi.
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