Daily Current Affairs 15 October 2022 – Best Current Affairs questions and MCQs with explanations for all competitive and government exams like UPSC CSE, CDS, NDA, SSC CGL, CHSL, BANKING, RAILWAYS, RRB, RBI, CISF, CAPF, UGC NET, and other central and state government exams.
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Daily Current Affairs 15 October 2022 – Best Questions and MCQs
1. In which state did PM Modi inaugurate the Indian Institute of Information Technology in Una?
- Madhya Pradesh
- Himachal Pradesh
- Uttar Pradesh
Answer: 3) Himachal Pradesh
Prime Minister Modi inaugurated the Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIIT) in Una, Himachal Pradesh.
PM Narendra Modi highlighted the need for skill and innovation institutions across the country.
Himachal Pradesh has been given less importance on the basis of its strength and more on the basis of its number of parliamentary seats and the long pending demands of educational institutions.
The Prime Minister also inaugurated India’s fourth Vande Bharat Express train at the event.
Chief minister HP: Jai Ram Thakur;
Governor of HP: Rajendra Vishwanath Arlekar;
Capitals HP: Shimla (Summer), Dharamshala (Winter).
2. Which public sector companies signed an MoU with CIL and NLCIL for coal gasification?
- Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL)
- Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL)
- Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL)
- Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL)
Answer: 2) Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL)
Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) Signed an MoU with Coal India (CIL) and Neyveli Lignite Corporation Limited (NLC) India for setting up coal gasification-based plants.
With this, the company aims to set up a coal ammonium nitrate project with CIL based on the gasification of high-ash Indian coal, and a lignite-based gasification pilot plant with NLCIL for power generation.
BHEL was established in 1956 at the beginning of the heavy electrical equipment industry in India. Heavy Electricals (India) Limited was merged with BHEL in 1974.
Establishment of BHEL: 13 November 1956;
Headquarters BHEL: New Delhi;
BHEL CEO: Nalin Singhli.
3. On which day International Rural Women’s Day 2022 was observed?
- 13 October
- 15 October
- 8 March
- 30 September
Answer: 2) 15 October
October 15 is celebrated worldwide as the International Day of Rural Women.
The day focuses on promoting gender quality and highlighting the vital role played by women in rural areas.
The theme of International Rural Women’s Day is “Rural Women Cultivating Good Food for All”.
The United Nations General Assembly initially established the International Day of Rural Women on 18 December 2007.
The United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution in 2007 to declare 15 October as the International Day of Rural Women.
4. Abdul Latif Rashid was elected as the President of which country?
Answer: 1) Iraq
The Iraqi parliament elects Kurdish politician Abdul Latif Rashid to lead the country.
Rashid garnered over 160 votes against 99 for Saleh.
Rashid, 78, is a British-educated engineer and was Iraqi Water Resources Minister from 2003–2010.
He is a member of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) party.
Currency: Iraqi dinar;
President: Abdul Latif Rashid;
Prime Minister: Mustafa al-Kadhimi.
5. In which city will the 17th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas be organized in January 2023?
- New Delhi
Answer: 3) Indore
The 17th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas convention will be organized in Indore, Madhya Pradesh.
Jaishankar highlighted the construction industry of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and the government for giving top priority to the diaspora.
Government engagement is founded in the 4Cs: Care, Connect, Celebrate, and Contribute.
The Pravasi Bhartiya Divas is celebrated every year on the 9th of January to mark the contribution of the overseas Indian community to the development of India.
It also commemorates the return of Mahatma Gandhi to India from South Africa on 9 January 1951.
6. World Students Day is celebrated on the birthday of which great person?
- Swami Vivekanand
- Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam
- Jawahar Lal Nehru
- Mahatma Gandhi
Answer: 2) Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam
October 15 is celebrated as World Student’s Day to commemorate the birth anniversary of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam a celebrated Aerospace scientist and former president of India.
Dr. Kalam was born on October 15, 1931.
The day is marked to acknowledge his efforts toward students and education.
He became India’s most famous nuclear scientist and was known as the “Missile Man of India”. He played a vital role in the Pokhran-II nuclear test in 1998.
After his term as President ended, he became visiting faculty at the Indian Institute of Management (IIM) at Shillong, IIM-Indore, and IIM-Ahmedabad.
He was honored with several honors including Padma Bhushan, Padma Vibhushan, Bharat Ratna, and Ramanujan Award.
7. The famous Robbie Coltrane passed away at the age of 72, he is related to which field?
Answer: 2) Actor
Veteran actor and comic Robbie Coltrane, best known for his star turn in the British crime series Cracker and the Harry Potter movie franchise, has died at the age of 72.
Coltrane was born Anthony Robert Macmillan on 30 March 1950 in Glasgow, Scotland, the son of a doctor and teacher.
8. What is its ranking of India in the Global Hunger Index 2022?
Answer: 1) 107th
India ranks 107th out of 121 countries in the Global Hunger Index, which ranks worse than all countries in South Asia except war-torn Afghanistan.
India is also below Sri Lanka (64), Nepal (81), Bangladesh (84), and Pakistan (99).
Afghanistan (109) is the only country in South Asia that performs worse than India in the index.
The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a peer-reviewed annual report, jointly published by Concern Worldwide and Wealthungerhilfe.
GHI aims to initiate action to reduce hunger around the world.
The GHI score is calculated on a 100-point scale.
GHI scores are based on the values of four component indicators – undernourishment, child stunting, child wasting, and child mortality.
9. President Draupadi Murmu has inaugurated the ‘Param Kamrup’ supercomputer facility at which IIT institute?
- IIT Bombay
- IIT Guwahati
- IIT Roorkee
- IIT Delhi
Answer: 2) IIT Guwahati
President Draupadi Murmu inaugurated the ‘Param Kamrup’ supercomputer facility at the Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati and launched several other projects during her first visit to Assam since assuming office.
This supercomputer facility named “Param Kamrup” will be capable of conducting advanced research in various scientific fields.
She also inaugurated a high-power active and passive component laboratory called ‘SAMEER’ at the institute.
Capital of Assam: Dispur;
The chief minister of Assam: Himanta Biswa Sarma;
Governor of Assam: Prof. Jagdish Mukhi.
10. Which university has topped the Times Higher Education Ranking 2023?
- IIIT Hyderabad
- Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences
- IISc Bangalore
Answer: 3) IISc Bangalore
Times Higher Education Ranking 2023 has been announced. This year, the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore has topped among Indian universities.
Five Indian universities ranked it among the top 500 universities in the world.
Globally, Oxford University remained at the top position for the seventh year in a row.
Harvard University finished second, while Cambridge University jumped from fifth place last year to third.
The record number of 1,799 universities in 104 countries and territories is 137 more than the previous year.
11. Dr. Adarsh Swaika has been named as the next Ambassador of India to which country?
- Saudia Arabia
Answer: 1) Kuwait
Dr. Adarsh Swika, Joint Secretary in the Ministry of External Affairs has been appointed as the next Ambassador of India to Kuwait.
He will replace Sibi George as the Indian envoy to Kuwait.
Dr. Swika is presently a Joint Secretary in the Ministry of External Affairs.
Avtar Singh, Director of External Affairs, has been appointed as the next Ambassador of India to the Republic of Guinea.
External Affairs Minister is Subrahmanyam Jaishankar.
Capital of Kuwait: Kuwait City;
Currency of Kuwait: Kuwaiti dinar;
Crown Prince of Kuwait: Mishal Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah;
Prime Minister of Kuwait: Ahmad Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah.
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